CSA Youth Network

Working towards a resilient environment through climate-smart agriculture


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A REPORT ON CSAYN LAUNCH IN NIGERIA

The flag off would not have been successful without the assistance of the Nigerian Youths Against Climate Change (NYACC) and Dr Obi Ejeatuluchukwu hence, I want to thank them and the CSA team graciously for giving me the privilege to serve humanity.

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It came as a challenge to me, knowing that Nigeria is the pilot country in West Africa, but not withstanding my team and I did everything possible to ensure that the flag off was done in December 2014. Considering the objectives of CSA, there was no better theme to consider than ‘THINK, EAT AND SAVE’.

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This great event took place on December 19, 2014 at the College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Okofia, Nnewi campus. About forty students from different disciplines gathered for the event.

The three hours event began with welcoming of students, lectures and special guests. Mounting the podium, the country co-coordinator Mr. Ejeguo Ogheneovo began by calling to mind the current changes in climate, climate shift and its impacts on the environment, the economy and man. He emphatically stressed global warming as a cause of rise in seawater and the incessant natural disasters. Furthermore, he said the dwindling economy in Nigeria is because the attention of everyone is centered on crude oil forgetting that agriculture is the major employer of the labor. With the forecast of an unusual upsurge in population by 2050 as stated by the united nation, it would be pertinent for youths to get fully involved in agriculture to fight the fear of food insecurity. In his speech, he did not forget to mention the United Nations Zero Hunger Challenge Campaign, stating the menace child malnutrition has caused over the years.

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Dr Ubaoji Kingsley, a nutrition expert, Department of Applied Biochemistry, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka in his lecture ‘THINK, EAT AND SAVE’ began with the statement “The ultimate test of a moral society is the kind of world it leaves behind for her children.” Dr Kingsley also said earth is falling and failing in several areas leading to air pollution, water pollution and land pollution. he stressed that good health stands on a tripod stand of REST, EXERCISE AND DIET. Moreover, he said our nutrition has been adulterated due to industrial processes of food production, which depletes many nutrients—the heavy chemicals used as fertilizers make modern crops lower in nutrients when compared with crops in ancient times. He pointed out that poor nutrition (lack of the right nutrients) has resulted in conditions such as arthritis, high blood pressure, diabetes and stroke, which are now diseases of the young instead of the old.

By way of conclusion, Dr Ubaoji Kingsley said the only way to ensuring food security, good nutrition and reclaiming the earth are: educating the youths about climate change encouraging youths to be fully involved in agriculture, educating the public on good nutrient and eating more natural food than purified ones, setting up food banks, and ‘regreening’ the earth.

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The curtain was drawn on the occasion as the country coordinator gave a             vote of thanks followed by snapping of group photographs. See attached for photographs of the event.

 

Country coordinator

Ejeguo  Ogheneovo

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Interview with Ruth Meinzen-Dick on reducing the gender asset gap through agricultural development

Why is it important to close the gender asset gap, especially in agricultural development?

In light of the upcoming Platform Annual General Assembly on gender and food systems,  IFPRI’s senior research fellow Ruth Meinzen-Dick discusses in an in-depth interview with the Global Donor Platform for Rural Development how agricultural development projects can understand how men’s and women’s control of assets will affect project participation and outcomes.

Compared to many other development targets there was a lot of data to support that narrowing the gap between men and women in terms of control over various types of household assets substantially improved agricultural productivity, said Meinzen-Dick.

For long-term poverty reduction, and especially for breaking the intergenerational transmission of poverty, gender equality is absolutely critical. Meinzen-Dick, points out that gender-focused interventions are not deterministic ‘social engineering,’ and that almost all development interventions bring about changes to the fabric of a society.

In retrospect on the…

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Moving from analysis to action and outcomes in gender and agriculture research

Journal of Gender, Agriculture and Food Security

Jemimah Njuki

Since Caroline Moser developed the Framework for a Gender and Development (GAD) approach to development planning in the 1980s while working at the Development Planning Unit (DPU) of the University of London, there has been a proliferation of gender analysis tools and toolkits in agricultural projects is becoming the norm rather than the exception. The Moser Framework set the parameters for gender analysis through its focus on women’s strategic and practical gender needs. While there was criticism of certain elements of the framework, especially its focus on roles and not relationships, the framework did set a stage for addressing women’s practical needs, those that if met, help women in current activities and strategic needs which, if met, transform the balance of power between men and women.

The evolution of other frameworks and tools over the years has tended to focus on gender analysis, which while important in…

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Celebrating FARA: Commemorating the 15th anniversary of our partner

By: Alejandra Soto (CSAYN Global Unit)

On November 26th the celebrations of the Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA) anniversary were inaugurated in Johannesburg, South Africa, and will continue till the 28th of this month. For this event many activities were prepared under the main theme “Delivering Africa’s Future Through Science-led Agricultural Transformation”, including the launching of the new Strategic Plan for the next five years. The founder of the CSA Youth Network and Liaison to YPARD, Ntiokam Divine is participating in these events, to present our work and the activities the youth is doing in regards to climate-smart agriculture.

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This is a very special celebration because FARA is turning 15 years since its launch in 1999. Once the Special Program for African Agricultural Research, an initiative started by the World Bank according to the Forum’s website, FARA has served as a point of contact for many African organizations that work in Agriculture and Development. It is also very important to us, because the CSA Youth Network started with the support of FARA, and many of their members collaborate with us spreading the word among the young people on climate change and smart agriculture action.

During the first day a series of different panels were discussed, from climate change to agriculture and technology in Africa, including an event on youth and climate-smart agriculture where Ntiokam Divine presented our work along with Andrianjafy Rasoanindrainy. Also, among the speakers present today, were Dr. Yemi Akimbamijo, Executive Director of FARA, and Dr. Jimmy Smith, Director General of the International Livestock Research Institute.

Congratulations to FARA for their work and achievements in the last 15 years and for their efforts in enhancing African agriculture. We hope that in the future we continue collaborating for the African youth and for a sustainable environment.

During this week we will keep informing you about FARA’s celebration, so keep in touch to get the latest news.

For more information on Celebrating FARA please visit the event’s website: http://www.cvent.com/events/fara-celebration/event-summary-d6f2aa6a8f30480f89337e9cd1550251.aspx


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LANCEMENT OFFICIEL DE CSAYN TOGO

07- 08 Novembre 2014

Je suis très heureux de vous présenter ce rapport de lancement official de CSAYN TOGO.

Lancement officiel de CSAYN TOGO s’est déroulé dans des différentes localités suivantes : Lomé et Kpalimé.

1. 08 Novembre 2014 deuxièmes lancement officielle de CSAYN à Lomé la capitale du Togo. Il se situe dans la région Maritime.

Comme dans tout climat tropical, la ville connaît deux saisons des pluies, la principale commence en avril et se termine vers juillet, puis une seconde saison des pluies moins importante commence début septembre et se finit fin novembre.

La chaleur est constante, la température maximale moyenne sous abri est en moyenne de 30 °C l’après-midi, et la température minimale moyenne est de 23 °C le matin. Au début de l’année, souffle parfois l’harmattan, un vent sec venu du Sahara et qui peut faire descendre le thermomètre de Lomé à 19 °C, le matin.

Lomé reste aussi largement influencé par l’océan. Ainsi, on a l’usage de dire que le climat est ici un climat équatorial tempéré par l’océan. La chaleur est ainsi stable, sans pointes excessives, et le souffle qui vient de la mer, la rend assez agréable.

Ce qui est intéressant, c’est la faible pluviométrie pour une telle latitude, en effet, Lomé jouit d’un micro-climat qui lui permet d’atteindre une faible pluviométrie pour la région (800 mm par an). À titre de comparaison, Paris reçoit en moyenne 650 mm par an.

Les participant sont aux nombres de 102 et c’étais vraiment des exploits. Le lancement est  bien déroulé dans harmonie magnifique.

Le soir du 08 Novembre : Il y a eux des discutions entre les Jeunes et des ateliers de travaille sur les questions de changement climatique et les nouvelle méthodes agriculture de CSAYN.

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(Lomé) 102 Participants
J’explique les objectif, mission et visions de CSAYN et je leur encouragé et a participé a toutes les activités et programmes de CSAYN

Nous sommes au Total au nombre de 386 Jeunes  et adultes dans les 2 localités ; nous avons partagé nos connaissances sur le changement climatique et sur comment trouver des Solutions fiables, des nouvelle méthodes  d’agriculture et surtout travailler dure pour atteindre les objectifs de CSAYN.

Pendant 45 minutes j’ai expliqué le travail de CSAYN l’objectif, vision et but.

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Participant : 189
La nuit de discutions et de débats : Pourquoi la CSAYN ?
Et plein questions et des apports.

Les jeunes sont engagés à travailler dur pour atteindre l’objectif et la vision de CSAYN.

Je suis très heureux car tous les participants sont engagés à lutter contre le changement climatique.

Les travaux ont déjà commencé et vous aurez bientôt de très bons rendements.

Les grand projets, formations et séminaires serons organisé et réalisé.

Compte tenu de la grandeur du travaille qui se passe au Togo nous vous prions de bien vouloir venir nous assistés dans nos projets, formations, séminaires, et autres pour l’accomplissement des œuvres ici au TOGO.

Nous avons formé un comité de 6 membres et nous sommes en collaboration avec le ministère l’environnement, agriculture et élevage.

CSAYN est le bien venu au Togo et merci beaucoup pour le grand comité.

Je suis prêt et déterminé à travailler dure pour accomplir la mission et atteindre la vision de CSAYN.

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2. Le 07 Novembre 2014 :

C’est le premier lancement à Kpalimé dans la région des plateaux.

La région des plateaux subit un climat subéquatorial guinéen de transition caractérisée par un régime bimodal avec une grande saison pluvieuse de mi mars et octobre, interrompue par une petite saison sache de mi-juillet  mi-août (diminution des pluies) et enfin, une grande saison sache de novembre et mi mars.

 

 

Les températures moyennes annuelles sont de 2oC pour le district de Kloto. Le mois le plus chaud etant février avec un maximum de 34o C et un minimum de 21o C. Le mois d’août est lui, le mois le plus froid avec un maximum de 25 oc et un minimum de 19oC.

Kpalimé, zone la plus arrosée du pays, connait des pointes allant jusqu’au 1900 mm/an. Cependant les précipitations moyennes annuelles se situent entre 1200 et 1400 mm par an pour 100 a  125 jours de pluie. La fréquence et l’abondance des pluies reflètent l’aspect verdoyant de la végétation et la densité? importante de la couverture végétale (Forts, savane arbore, forts galeries le long des cours d’eau, essences tropicales?)

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(KPALIME) 95 Participants

J’explique les objectif et visions de CSAYN et je leur encouragé a engagé au changement climatique.

 


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The CSA Youth Network Present at the Global Alliance for CSA Inaugural Meeting

By: Aishu Narasimhadevara

Credit: CCAFS-CGIAR

Credit: CCAFS-CGIAR

On 24 September 2014, the inaugural meeting of the Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture was held at the Grand Hyatt Hotel in New York, United States of America. The event was during the United Nations General Assembly when many events were going on to come up with global solutions to solve world problems. Representatives from various governments, non-governmental organisations and companies gathered together to join the effort to implement climate-smart agriculture.

It was interesting to meet people from various organisations. I had the opportunity to learn more about agriculture, which was fascinating. Learning about different methods used in agriculture to grow more crops was very interesting. I learned about resilient crops and the importance of landscapes. It was fascinating to hear from various experts about agriculture.

The first part and second part of the meeting had representatives from different countries and organisations who spoke about their countries and the efforts they have taken in order to implement CSA. The event included many distinguished speakers, including: Her Excellency Ms. Sharon Dijksma, the Dutch Minister for Agriculture, Mr. Frank Rijsberman, the CEO of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), and His Excellency Mr. Akinwuni Adesina, the Nigerian Minister of Agriculture. The various measures countries have taken towards climate change are remarkable. For instance: Latin America has an initiative to restore twenty million hectares of land for agriculture. Another measure includes the African Landscape Action Plan which is for sustainable rural development and to have landscapes to be taken into consideration. Farmers in India have weather insurance, and in the state of Maharashtra, there are 1,000 climate-smart villages. Everybody at the event was very enthusiastic about promoting CSA; their passion, efforts and dedication was evident.

Credit: Aishu Narasimhadevara

The third part of the event had speakers from the private sector. One speaker mentioned that farmers, ranchers, and fishers voices are being heard. Some other methods in climate-smart agriculture, the speakers mentioned were about having trees and shrubs into an agricultural system and to incorporate double-story agriculture.

In order for this movement to be successful, it is important for governments, the private sector, and civil society to work together. The last part of the event was a panel discussion amongst all three sectors. All the panelists agreed that climate-smart agriculture is the future and in order to protect the Earth, we must take action now. One of the speakers mentioned a quote by Abraham Lincoln: “The best way to predict future is to create it.” Everybody who attended the event enjoyed and was eager to join the CSA movement.

Our world is a beautiful and diverse place with its flora and fauna. But, due to pollution, degradation, and other activities, the climate patterns of the Earth have been affected, impacting at the same time the ecology of the Earth and the livelihoods of its inhabitants. The population of the world is increasing and in order to provide food to everybody it is important to develop agriculture that will use less resources and that will be sustainable.  Climate-smart agriculture is one step towards making our world a better place.

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Case Study from the South-East region of Mauritius: Identification of CSA practices by students

By: Vagish Ramborun

During a site visit conducted in the coastal villages of Mauritius namely Petit-Sable and Grand- Sable in the Southeast region of Mauritius, some 25 young students from the University of Mauritius doing a degree Agriscience and Technology were exposed to several climate-smart practices that vegetable farmers have adopted as their farming strategies. Among them the students were able to recognize practices such as mulching, multi-cropping, algal compost, kitchen waste compost, fallowing and run off farming among many others. The young students also received part of the experience of a farmer who has over 30 years of experience in the fields.

(Credit: Vagish Ramborun)

(Credit: Vagish Ramborun)

One of the innovative methods adopted by local farmers was the use of old clothes as mulching. Use of clothes not only help to retain moisture in the soil but has also a very long life span and therefore can be used for a very long time. Being biodegradable they do not pose any danger to the environment.

Other local practices that were identified:

  • Fallowing
  • Green mulching
  • Multi-cropping
  • Intercropping
  • Use of leguminous crop

Vulnerability of the farmers to climate change

Though the farmers have adopted a lot of CSA practices, they are still very vulnerable to climate change. They heavily rely on underground water for irrigation purposes, but when the sea level rises during high tides, sea water gets in their wells that they have to dig plus the salinity of the water increases. Thus, the water becomes unsuitable for irrigation and hence the crops are heavily affected. However during heavy rainfall fresh water table rises and consequently the salinity of the underground water decreases and the farmers can use them again for irrigation. One observational practice that the farmers have adopted is the presence of tadpoles in the wells. According to them tadpoles disappear when the water becomes too saline and therefore when the tadpoles disappear they do not use the water for irrigation.

With the impact of climate change it is projected that the sea water level will rise and there will be fluctuations in the rainfall pattern. These occurrences can have a major impact on the livelihood of the farmers from that region. If sea water level rises saline water will penetrate more into the water table hence increasing the salinity of the water and coupled with reduction in rainfall, the farmers will no longer be able to sustain plant growth.

Credit: Vagish Ramborun

Credit: Vagish Ramborun